Precision epidemiology of arboviral diseases

Flavio C. Coelho, Claudia T. Codeço


Arboviral diseases present big challenges and opportunities for the field of precision epidemiology. Challenges range from the development of more precise diagnostic methods at the individual level to more precise surveillance and interventions at the population level. Dengue, for example, is an endemic arbovirosis in more than 100 tropical and subtropical countries, and it is a disease of international concern. Predicting when and where the next epidemic will strike is an important goal to direct control efforts. In this essay, we develop the concept of precision epidemiology as it may be applied to arboviroses and discuss opportunities for increasing the precision in dealing with the threat of arboviroses both in intervention and in outcomes, identify knowledge gaps and avenues for development.