The Mediterranean diet: an “evergreen” diet

Carmine Finelli


The rising incidence of obesity in worldwide is associated with several serious medical complications, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes (T2D), hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) (1,2). This constellation is also recognized as the metabolic syndrome and is characterized by underlying insulin resistance (IR). In reality, the exact mechanism by which obesity promotes metabolic syndrome is not fully understood.